Folktales, Fairy Tales, and Fables

Today, We’re jumping into the enchanted and fanciful realm of Fairy Tales, Folktales, and Fables. Here, you’re reading will take you throughout fanciful tales of adventure where you’ll come across everything from enormous bad guys and fun-loving fools to talking mirrors and magical lands. Folktales, fairy tales, and fables are all part of the genre of folklore. Story-tellers have actually told and retold these tales again and again all throughout the eras, each in their very own manner. Did you recognize that every country has its very own folklore? They do! The stories reflect the practices, values, virtues, and even goals of the cultures in which they were first portrayed. The invention of Gutenberg’s printing press in 1450 allowed these oral stories to be printed for the first time, there was by no means one correct version. Each retelling was slightly varied and therefore right in its own way. 


Folktales have essential characteristics. The goal is to amuse the audience with a quick-moving story. They commonly begin with a brief mention of an obscure setting. “Once upon a time in a far, far away land …” We never know a whole lot about the characters in the folktale other than the basic details like if they are good or evil, kind or cruel. In some cases, characters look like talking creatures with human characteristics. The creatures that show up in folktales reflect where the stories originated from. You definitely would not have a zebra in Germany or a fish story from a desert area. 

The plot continues to be simple, commonly revolving around some sort of conflict. Endings or resolutions are quick as well as to the point. Lastly, you’ll discover that folktales make use of repetitions. Consider The Three Little Pigs, the three houses, and the three shots by the big bad wolf. And also patterns, “fee, fie, foe, fum” these engage the listener and allow the storyteller to remember the story. 

Cumulative tales are an example of a type of folktale. They supply the reader with a growing list of information that develops to a fast climax or a high point in the story. Remember just how quick the Gingerbread boy could run? How the sky was falling on Chicken Little? And who resided in that house that Jack built? 

Fairy tales

My personal favorite, are funny tales that revolve around a character making a series of goofy blunders. Fairy tales, which are an additional type of folklore, bring together elves, witches, fairy god-parents, and genies utilizing magic words and objects to make entertaining stories for the audience. 


Fables, on the other hand, offer the reader a moral lesson or truth that can be found out at the end of the tale. The characters selected for the story may represent or symbolize human qualities. Consider the tortoise and the hare, slow and steady wins the race or warnings not to postpone up until tomorrow what must be done today. 

Folktales, fairy tales, and fables! Check them out! Because folklore is so linked to various societies, countries, and value systems, it’s shelved in nonfiction. You can discover it in the 398’s of your local library.


CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.2.2 Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.3.2 Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.

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